The specific modifications made from the Beretta 92 includes:. It also has an enlarged hammer pin that fits into a groove on the underside of the slide. The main purpose is to stop the slide from flying off the frame to the rear if it cracks. This was added after slide failures were observed in Beretta models with very high round counts during tests failures later deemed to be caused by defective ammunition used in tests.
The M9 features multiple internal safeties, including a firing pin block that prevents the firing pin from moving without the trigger being pulled, and a firing pin striker that rotates when the safety lever is engaged preventing the firing pin from being hit even if the hammer falls. The M9 also has an ambidextrous external safety lever allowing both left and right handed users to engage or disengage the safety mechanism.
The M9 was updated to the M9A1 in The M9A1 has more aggressive front and backstrap checkering and a beveled magazine well for easier reloading of the weapon. M9A1 pistols are sold with physical vapor deposition PVD coated magazines developed to better withstand the conditions in the sandy environments in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
The main updates to M9A3 were:  . New production materials also make M9A3 production more cost efficient. The M9 22LR is a variant of the M9 in. The M9 22 is available with 10 and 15 round magazines, removable sights, and interchangeable grip panels which fit the Beretta M9. Prior to its widespread adoption by the U. These failures included both military and civilian Beretta models with very high round counts, and after investigation they were deemed the result of ammunition supplied by the U.
Army which exceeded the recommended pressures specified by NATO but nonetheless provoked a modification in the M9 design to prevent slide failure from causing injuries to the user.
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The CNA conducted surveys on 2, troops returning from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past 12 months. Only troops who fired their weapons at enemy targets were allowed to participate. M9 users had the lowest levels of satisfaction with weapon performance, including 76 percent troops with accuracy, 66 percent troops with range, and 88 percent troops with rate of fire. Only 45 percent of M9 users 72 troops reported their weapon's magazine did not fail to feed completely.
The M9 had the lowest levels of soldier confidence in reliability and durability. Other recommendations were for more durable magazines and better grips. In , soldiers in the field had many of concerns with the M9, notably a lack of confidence in its stopping power  resulting from the use of the 9mm ball round, a significant factor in military evaluations because the Hague Conventions and prohibit use of expanding bullets in warfare between contracting parties. The United States is not a signatory but generally observes the agreement.
The military awarded a contract to Airtronic USA because the previous manufacturer, Check-Mate Industries, was charging too much per magazine,  though Check-Mate magazines are still sometimes issued. Prior to Check-Mate magazines being purchased, the military purchased magazines from the Italian firm Mec-Gar. There were reported failures with the government-contracted 9mm magazines. After extensive testing and actual testimony given by the troops it was concluded that the failures were caused by the heavy phosphate finish called for in the government contract, combined with the unique environmental conditions in Iraq.
Beretta 92a1 trigger
After corrections to the government required specifications for the magazine finish, almost two million new magazines have been distributed without any further malfunctions. In the competition to find a new vendor, three finalists were chosen. These three were: Airtronic Services, Inc. Airtronic Services delivered the first , magazines with zero failures while costing less than the previous supplier Check-Mate Industries.
It is identical to the standard M9 sidearm, with standard Bruniton-polymer finish and black composite grips, except it has a "GO"-prefix to its serial number range, starting with GO It comes with a metal belt buckle that comes in gold metal for Army generals and silver metal for Air Force generals. The M9 is issued to crewmembers on Military Sealift Command vessels.
Army had bought , M9 pistols and that the M9 "would remain their sidearm for the next five years. Program officials say buying a new pistol is the better option due to advances in handgun designs, the difficulty in addressing all of the M9's issues, other pistols being less expensive to produce and maintain, and the low confidence soldiers have in the M9. A three-year engineering, manufacturing, and development EMD phase is to begin in early Commercial off-the-shelf pistols will be tested for capabilities such as accuracy, dispersion, compatibility, and corrosion resistance under extreme weather and extreme combat conditions.
The pistol's service life is expected at 25, rounds. The M9 is required to fire 5, rounds, while data from Beretta shows the average reliability of the M9 pistol to be 17, rounds without a stoppage. The company presented the upgrade to improve the M9's performance as a more cost-effective solution without needing to buy a different handgun. Improvements include a thin grip with a removable, modular wrap-around grip, MIL-STD accessory rail, removable front and rear tritium sights , extended and threaded barrel for suppressor use, round sand resistant magazine, and other small features, all in an earth tone finish.
Beretta claims M9A3 upgrade features fix most of the complaints and could be sold for less than the cost of previous M9 versions. The full-sized model will be known as the M17 and the carry-sized model will be known as the M From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived PDF from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 25 December John Bianchi, an American Legend.
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Gun Digest Book of Beretta Pistols. Gun Digest. Military Sidearm". Popular Mechanics. Shortly after introducing the 92F, Beretta released the updated 92FS, which included a minor internal safety improvement. Many of these features were added as the result of special requests from law enforcement contracts while others were influenced by target and action pistol competitors.
The 92G and 92D were among the more popular law enforcement variants. Beretta offered the 92G, which is identical to the 92FS except the slide-mounted safety lever functions only as a decocker. For many years, the 92G was only available as a special order option for government contracts but, eventually, Beretta would begin to produce limited runs of 92G variants for the commercial market.
The 92D was a similar story.
As law enforcement personnel across the country transitioned from carrying double action revolvers to semi-automatic pistols, some of their leaders were looking for ways to make that transition as pain-free as possible. The 92D was never much of a success commercially, but it has made a lasting impression in the development of the 92 series thanks to the lighter hammer spring Beretta used in these pistols. Following another trend in law enforcement, in the early 90s, Beretta began offering a version of the 92 chambered in. Since then, the majority of 92 variants produced have also been made available as a 96 option, sold both to cops and commercially to non-uniformed citizens.
Early versions of the 96 were known to wear out quickly, but Beretta later strengthened the frame of all 92 and 96 pistols in places where the high pressure of the. The frame is anodized with a dye to match the silver appearance of the slide. Like the 96, most 92 variants have been offered with Inox as an option at one time or another. One of the very first variants of the 92 series ever offered was the 92SB Compact L, which came along in the very early s. It was essentially the same as the 92SB with the barrel shortened from 4.
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In , Beretta introduced the latest compact model based on the M9A1, featuring an accessory rail and aggressive grip texture. All of these compact models followed the same pattern as the original 92SB, using the same barrel length and magazines. Viewed in profile, the Type M appears to be identical to the standard Compact L, but closer inspection will reveal a slightly narrower grip to accommodate a single stack 8-round magazine. For the first half of this year, Wilson Combat offered the Beretta 92G Compact Carry with a target crown barrel and Wilson Combat grips and rear sight.
The 4. With a full-size Beretta 92 frame and a compact slide and barrel, the Centurion has often been considered analogous to the Colt Commander The parts might fit together, and the combo may even function for a while, but the pistol will experience increased wear and less reliable feeding. In , Beretta introduced the Brigadier style slide for the 92 series.
"U.S. Pistol, M9" Beretta Model 92FS
One of the first users of this style slide was the US Border Patrol, who ordered the Brigadier version of the 96D in the hopes that the pistol would better hold up to the hot. However, many users have noticed that the Brigadier slide provides the unintended benefit of reducing felt recoil and muzzle rise. As a result, the Brigadier design has been used in many 92 variants designed with high-performance action pistol competition in mind.
In the early s, as Beretta struggled to compete with other manufacturers in the crowded law enforcement market, one of their major efforts was the 92 Vertec. Among other things, the Vertec attempted to address the common criticism that the 92 series is difficult to use for shooters with smaller hands. With a short reach trigger and a drastically reduced backstrap, the Vertec model was a radical deviation from previous 92 models ergonomically speaking. The Vertec also modernized the 92 design by including an accessory rail on the frame, a beveled magazine well to accommodate quick reloads, and a dovetail cut in the front of the slide to allow the use of different aftermarket front sights.
Additionally, the barrel was shortened from 4. In fact, since the turn of the century, most new editions of the 92 series have essentially mixed and matched various features originally found on the Vertec and Brigadier.